Department of Agricultural Economics Department of Agricultural Economics - Main

Department of Agricultural Economics Extension

Hay and Pasture Programs

Grassland, pasture and hay land make up a large part of the agricultural land in the United States. This page contains additional information on policy programs support these land owners and managers.

Farm Bill Grassland Program

In 2017, the United States Department of Agriculture’s Cropland Data Layer (CDL) categorized 17% of Oklahoma’s land area as grassland or pasture. The 2018 Agricultural Improvement Act, commonly called the 2018 Farm Bill, included a cost savings measure that pertains to farms with crop base that has been planted entirely to grass from 2009 to 2017. This land will not be eligible for ARC/PLC payments under the 2018 Farm Bill. Instead, producers can elect to enroll grass or pasture land in a grassland incentives program for the life of the farm bill at a payment rate of $18/acre. Unlike the Conservation Reserve Program, farmers can still use the land for grazing purposes but without the required conservation improvements associated with the Conservation Stewardship Program or the Environmental Quality Incentives Program. Further, farms cannot reconstitute in order to make land eligible for ARC or PLC by combining cropland farms with farms that contain only pasture or grassland. Check here for more details on the program as they emerge in 2019.

Factsheet: Pasture, Range and Forage Insurance

Report: 2012 Drought Impacts

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